Computerul prosteste. La prima vedere, aceasta ar fi concluzia studiului efectuat in randul elevilor din Romania de catre cercetatorii Ofer Malamud (University of Chicago) si Cristian Pop-Eleches (Columbia University).
Publicat in mai 2008, studiul The Effect of Computer Use on Child Outcomes (disponibil in format pdf aici) este fundamentat pe o cercetare efectuata de catre Gallup Romania in randurile celor 27.570 de elevi care au primit subventii pentru achizitionarea unui computer in cadrul programului EURO 200. Concluzia?
“We find that children who won a voucher spent significantly less time watching television and doing homework. Moreover, the effect on homework appears to have had real consequences for school performance. We find evidence indicating that children who won a voucher had lower school grades. Parents reported that these children had a significantly lower expectation of going to college. Finally, we also find suggestive evidence that winning a voucher is associated with negative behavioral outcomes.
(…)These findings indicate that providing home computers to low-income children in Romania led them to experience worse outcomes.”
Computerul prosteste? Da, in cazul in care elevii il folosesc doar pentru (sau majoritar pentru) a se distra. De ce continua guvernul Tariceanu acest program? Pentru ca, in timp ce dotarea scolilor cu calculatoare vine in sprijinul sistemului educational, EURO 200 este cel care aduce capital electoral.